induktion — Engelska översättning - TechDico

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ICES WGITMO REPORT 2009 - StudyLib

Hence, several adherence mechanisms acting col-laboratively may define where a specific pathogen will colonize and begin to cause an infection. One supposes that microbial attachment mechanisms are usually designed to Recent animal model studies have demonstrated biologically plausible mechanisms whereby periodontitis may increase susceptibility to comorbidities 6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16.Here, we discuss how A halophyte is a salt-tolerant plant that grows in soil or waters of high salinity, coming into contact with saline water through its roots or by salt spray, such as in saline semi-deserts, mangrove swamps, marshes and sloughs and seashores. Pathogens that infect the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts are subjected to intense pressure due to the environmental conditions of the surroundings. This pressure has led to the development of mechanisms of bacterial tolerance or persistence which enable microorganisms to survive in these locations. In this review, we analyze the general stress response (RpoS mediated), reactive oxygen anism whereby p53 transcriptionally activatesPIDD,aprotein mediating caspase-2 dimerization and self-cleavage. Thomp-son and colleagues (50) proposed a different mechanism involving ATM dependent phosphorylation of PIDD that is subsequently recruited by BubR1 to the kinetochore thereby preventing caspase-2 activation and apoptosis.

Polyploidization is a common mechanism whereby

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Nevertheless, polyploidy is well toler- Polyploids are organisms with three or more complete chromosome sets. Polyploidization is widespread in plants and animals, and is an important mechanism of specia tion. Genome sequencing and The most common mechanism of polyploidization acting in plant tissues and cells appears to be supernumerary chromosome reproduction. This is responsible for polysomaty in root and shoot meristems as well as for polyploidy in any type of differentiated tissues and for nuclear growth in general. In addition, an uncommon mechanism of polyploid formation involves poly spermy where one egg is fertilized by several male nucleuse s as commonl y obse rved in orchids (Ramsey and Schemske, 1998). Polyploidy is when the number of chromosomesin a cell becomesdoubled. This can happen by a mutation that simply makes two copies.

However, the kinetics of polyploidization differs somewhat between mice and rats. Whereas polyploidization begins at weaning in rats, nearly half of mouse hepatocytes are already polyploid at this time [21].

ICES WGITMO REPORT 2009 - StudyLib

The mechanisms by which polyploidy contrib- utes to novel some common features. This speciation phenomenon most commonly occurs through polyploidy, in which an offspring or group of offspring will be produced with twice the normal  Polyploidy: A Common Biological Phenomenon Lacking Cross-Disciplinary Study.

Polyploidization is a common mechanism whereby

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However, the kinetics of polyploidization differs somewhat between mice and rats. Whereas polyploidization begins at weaning in rats, nearly half of mouse hepatocytes are already polyploid at this time [21]. This mechanism produces polyploid offspring that have genetic compositions different from either parent, and often different from the sum of the parents, which allows them to establish successfully and colonize new ecological niches.

Polyploidization is a common mechanism whereby

Since the appearance of tetraploid (4N) and octoploid (8N) cells is a common occurrence in the liver, 25 we set out to address if the large subset of BrdU + with a >4N DNA content detected in COPS5 del/del livers stemmed from enhanced replication by tetraploid hepatocytes or comprised cells that had undergone DNA re‐replication. However, the above observation supports a different scenario, whereby cytokinesis failure induced by lagging chromosomes allows a cell to have a duplicated genome set in two or more nuclei.
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Polyploidization is a common mechanism whereby

What does polyploidization mean? (genetics) Hybridization that leads to polyploidy. (noun) An understanding of the mechanisms whereby genetic defects and teratogenic exposures become manifest as developmental anomalies of varying severity requires experimental models that accurately reproduce the spectrum of defects seen in human HPE. Mechanisms whereby nerve growth factor increases diacylglycerol levels in differentiating PC12 cells Jianxue Li, Richard J. Wurtman) Department of Brain and Cogniti˝e Sciences, E25-604, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA Accepted 17 November 1998 Abstract alternative mechanisms may be expressed under different environmental and host conditions or even at different host surfaces. Hence, several adherence mechanisms acting col-laboratively may define where a specific pathogen will colonize and begin to cause an infection.

cytes, for which the fact but not necessarily the mechanism of their polyploidization is known, these terms are also used in a haphazard fashion.
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induktion — Engelska översättning - TechDico

frequently the mechanism whereby these risk factors cause stroke. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: These findings 1) support that any stroke pts with these risk factors who are not diagnosed with AF should be meticulously studied for AF so anticoagulation can be administered to prevent a subsequent stroke, Polyploid cells, which contain multiple copies of the typically diploid genome, are widespread in plants and animals. Polyploidization can be developmentally programmed or stress induced, and arises from either cell-cell fusion or a process known as endoreplication, in which cells replicate their DNA but either fail to complete cytokinesis or to progress through M phase entirely.